w88优德备用地址

1953年,工学院从武汉大学分出,成立华中工学院。“圆梦班”招收的贫困生一般都是60人。

爱思w88优德备用网站编者按:《纽约时报》书评版编辑发布了“2012年度百部图书”榜单,并精选出“2012年度十大好书”,小说类与非小说类各五册。其中既有布克奖、美国国家图书奖获奖作品,也有《卫报》首作奖得主;既有反映战争的现实故事,也有新奇讨巧的卡通图书;既有关于“存在”之意义的跨领域探讨,也有反映亚洲底层社会的纪实类文学。

The year’s best books, selected by the editors of The New York Times Book Review.
《纽约时报》:2012年度十大好书

jiangyh/译

FICTION
小说类(五册)

BRING UP THE BODIES

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By Hilary Mantel.

A John Macrae Book/ Henry Holt & Company, $28.

Taking up where her previous novel, “Wolf Hall,” left off, Mantel makes the seemingly worn-out story of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn newly fascinating and suspenseful. Seen from the perspective of Henry’s chief minister, Thomas Cromwell, the ruthless maneuverings of the court move swiftly to the inevitable executions. Both this novel and its predecessor were awarded the Man Booker Prize. Might the trilogy’s forthcoming conclusion, in which Cromwell will meet his demise, score Mantel a hat trick?

《提堂》(Bring Up the Bodies)

作者:[英国] 希拉里·曼特尔(Hilary Mantel)

出版社:亨利·霍尔特出版社(Henry Holt & Company),2012年5月,定价28美元

简介:回顾16世纪都铎王朝时期,亨利八世与安妮·博林的传奇故事看似已沦为陈词滥调,不过希拉里·曼特尔却独辟蹊径、推陈出新,演绎出更为引人入胜、扣人心弦的情节。作者选择了一个边缘化历史人物——托马斯·克伦威尔(Thomas Cromwell)——的视角,以独特的第三人称来审视和叙述,重新解构了一段经典史实。本书是曼特尔2009年作品《狼厅》(Wolf Hall)的续作,也是托马斯·克伦威尔三部曲中的第二部,作者凭借本书与《狼厅》两度夺得英国布克文学奖。该系列的第三部作品暂定书名为《镜与灯》(The Mirror and Light),将以克伦威尔1540年死亡而告终。曼特尔能否上演“帽子戏法”,值得期待。


BUILDING STORIES

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By Chris Ware.

Pantheon Books, $50.

Ware’s innovative graphic novel deepens and enriches the form by breaking it apart. Packaged in a large box like a board game, the project contains 14 “easily misplaced elements” — pamphlets, books, foldout pages — that together follow the residents of a Chicago triplex (and one anthropomorphized bee) through their ordinary lives. In doing so, it tackles universal themes including art, sex, family and existential loneliness in a way that’s simultaneously playful and profound.

《大楼故事》(Building Stories)

作者:[美国] 克里斯·韦尔(Chris Ware)

出版社:潘西昂出版社(Pantheon),2012年10月,定价50美元

简介:本书作者克里斯·韦尔是美国漫画家、卡通画家,许多绘画作品曾登上《纽约客》杂志封面。本书是一部形式新颖的巨型卡通作品,在一个类似棋盘游戏盒子中盛有14种不同装订格式的小玩意(包括小册子、海报、儿童书籍、报纸等),每件东西对应不同的故事作品。所有故事都围绕一幢老居民楼以及里面的住房而展开,以或俏皮、或深刻的方式来反映美国社会的精神状态和生存方式。


A HOLOGRAM FOR THE KING

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By Dave Eggers.

McSweeney’s Books, $25.

In an empty city in Saudi Arabia, a -middle-aged American businessman waits day after day to close the deal he hopes will redeem his forlorn life. Eggers, continuing the worldly outlook that informed his recent books “Zeitoun” and “What Is the What,” spins this spare story — a globalized “Death of a Salesman” — into a tightly controlled parable of America’s international standing and a riff on middle-class decline that approaches Beckett in its absurdist despair.

《国王的全息图》(A Hologram for the King)

作者:[美国] 戴夫·埃格斯(Dave Eggers)

出版社:麦克斯威尼出版社(McSweeney's),2012年6月,定价25美元

简介:本书的故事架构颇为有趣,背景设定在距离美国大城市无限遥远的沙特阿拉伯。一名美国中年男子艾伦·克莱(Alan Clay)为了摆脱债务,支付女儿上大学的学费,试图把一套计算机信息系统售卖给沙特阿拉伯国王,由此展开了一趟异国之旅。本书作者埃格斯曾被誉为当代美国文坛上最具天赋的小说家,书中借助寓言式乃至荒诞派的情节,蕴含了惊人的深度和丰富的层次。男主人公可谓是后现代版本的威利·洛曼(《推销员之死》主角),他的故事折射了当代美国人的焦虑与挣扎。本书还入围2012年美国国家图书奖小说类的决选名单以及亚马逊网站2012年美国十大好书榜单。


NW

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By Zadie Smith.

The Penguin Press, $26.95.

Smith’s piercing new novel, her first in seven years, traces the friendship of two women who grew up in a housing project in northwest London, their lives disrupted by fateful choices and the brutal efficiency of chance. The narrative edges forward in fragments, uncovering truths about identity and money and sex with incandescent language that, for all of its formal experimentation, is intimate and searingly direct.

《西北》(NW: A Novel)

作者:[英国] 扎迪·史密斯(Zadie Smith)

出版社:企鹅出版社,2012年9月,定价26.95美元

简介:本书作者扎迪·史密斯为英国青年女作家,曾三次入围英国文学布克奖。书名《NW》意为西北(North West),本书的故事背景就是伦敦西北角的一个小镇,小说的四个主人公利娅(Leah)、纳塔利娅(Natalie)、费利克斯(Felix) 与内森(Nathan)皆生于斯、长于斯,却无一例外地在成年后选择离开。史密斯冷静而客观地叙述了小镇上复杂的人际关系和感情纠葛,富人、穷人(阶级),男人、女人(性别),英国人少数裔(种族),使用轻松、趣味的笔法来描绘庸常生活,展现背后冷峻的深意。


THE YELLOW BIRDS

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By Kevin Powers.

Little, Brown & Company, $24.99.

A veteran of the Iraq war, Powers places that conflict at the center of his impressionistic first novel, about the connected but diverging fates of two young soldiers and the trouble one of them has readjusting to life at home. Reflecting the chaos of war, the fractured narrative jumps around in time and location, but Powers anchors it with crystalline prose and a driving mystery: How did the narrator’s friend die?

《黄鸟》(The Yellow Birds: A Novel)

作者:[美国] 凯文·鲍尔斯(Kevin Powers)

出版社:利特尔与布朗出版公司(Little Brown and Company),2012年9月,定价24.99美元

简介:本书作者凯文·鲍尔斯曾于2004年至2005年间在美国军队服役,并派往伊拉克担任炮兵。本书是鲍尔斯的第一部小说,也是根据自己在伊拉克战争中的经验写就的作品,讲述了两个年轻士兵在战场求生的悲剧故事。21岁的二等兵巴特尔(Bartle)与18岁的二等兵墨菲(Murphy)在腥风血雨中并肩互助,两人陷入了一场难以应对的艰巨之战。《纽约时报》将本书称为当代战争小说的经典,亚马逊图书主编萨拉·尼尔森(Sara Nelson)认为这是一部充满诗意的战争小说。本书曾入围2012年美国国家图书奖小说类的决选名单以及亚马逊网站2012年美国十大好书榜单,并获得2012年《卫报》首作奖。


NONFICTION
非小说类(五册)

BEHIND THE BEAUTIFUL FOREVERS
Life, Death, and Hope in a Mumbai Undercity.

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By Katherine Boo.

Random House, $27.

This National Book Award-winning study of life in Annawadi, a Mumbai slum, is marked by reporting so rigorous it recalls the muckrakers, and characters so rich they evoke Dickens. The slum dwellers have a skillful and empathetic chronicler in Boo, who depicts them in all their humanity and ruthless, resourceful glory.

《永恒美丽的背后:孟买地下城的生命、死亡与希望》(Behind the Beautiful Forevers: Life Death and Hope in a Mumbai Undercity)

作者:[美国] 凯瑟琳·布(Katherine Boo)

出版社:兰登书屋,2012年2月,定价27美元

简介:本书作者凯瑟琳·布是普利策奖获奖记者,花费三年时间追踪访查孟买最底层的人群,通过录音、录像、访谈记录了2007年至2011年间这些居民的生活状况。布女士用精巧的文笔向读者展示了豪华酒店附近一个被忽略的世界,这里饱受贫穷和腐败困扰,希望与绝望交替浮现。本书直指传统纪实文学不愿碰触的领域,勾勒出弱势群体扣人心弦的奋斗历程,具有独特的深度。本书曾获得2012年美国国家图书奖非虚构类奖项,并入选亚马逊网站、《华盛顿邮报》(The Washington Post)以及《噢,奥普拉杂志》(O The Oprah Magazine)的2012年十大好书榜单。


FAR FROM THE TREE
Parents, Children, and the Search for Identity.

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By Andrew Solomon.

Scribner, $37.50.

For more than a decade, Solomon studied the challenges, risks and rewards of raising children with “horizontal identities,” traits that they don’t share with their parents. As he investigates how families have grown stronger or fallen apart while raising prodigies, dwarfs, schizophrenics, transgendered children or those conceived in rape, he complicates everything we thought we knew about love, sacrifice and success.

《背离亲缘:父母、儿童与自我寻求》(Far From the Tree: Parents Children and the Search for Identity)

作者:[美国] 安德鲁·所罗门(Andrew Solomon)

出版社:斯克里布纳出版社(Scribner),2012年11月,定价37.50美元

简介:本书作者安德鲁·所罗门是政治、文化与心理学作家,现居纽约、伦敦,曾凭借《忧郁》(The Noonday Demon: An Atlas of Depression)获2001年美国国家图书奖。十余年来,所罗门致力于探索“横向自我”(horizontal identitiy)的概念,研究孩子不愿意与父母分享的特性。本书不仅教育父母应当如何对待特殊儿童,更启示父母背后所包含的深意所在。作者涉及面十分广泛,从耳聋儿、侏儒儿、21-三体综合征患儿到精神分裂症患儿,乃至变性儿童、强奸怀孕等家庭,本书体现了作者非凡的洞察力,告诉读者爱、牺牲与宽容远比想象中的复杂。


THE PASSAGE OF POWER
The Years of Lyndon Johnson.

 

By Robert A. Caro.

Alfred A. Knopf, $35.

The fourth volume of Caro’s prodigious masterwork, which now exceeds 3,000 pages, explores, with the author’s signature combination of sweeping drama, psychological insight and painstaking research, Johnson’s humiliating years as vice president, when he was excluded from the inner circle of the Kennedy White House and stripped of power. We know what Johnson does not, that this purgatory is prelude to the event of a single horrific day, when an assassin’s bullet placed Johnson, and the nation he now had to lead, on a new course.

《走向权力的通道:林登·约翰逊的岁月》(The Passage of Power: The Years of Lyndon Johnson)

作者:罗伯特·A·卡罗(Robert A. Caro)

出版社:克诺普夫出版社(Knopf),2012年5月,定价35美元

简介:本书作者罗伯特·A·卡罗现年76岁,为两度普利策奖得主。本书为“约翰逊总统传记”系列第四卷,作者耗时十年写就,涵盖了约翰逊总统1958年至1964年以民主党人身份担任肯尼迪政府副总统的时代,以及约翰逊如何在肯尼迪遇刺数小时内迅速揽得大权的经过。在卡罗笔下,约翰逊从一个来自得克萨斯州的穷小子跻身权力顶峰,与他善于弄权、贪婪无情而又行事诡秘的个性不无关系。作为调查型记者的职业习惯,卡罗细致审慎地追踪每一条线索,为传记写作进行了数千次采访,查阅了数以万计的文献资料。


THE PATRIARCH
The Remarkable Life and Turbulent Times of Joseph P. Kennedy.

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By David Nasaw.

The Penguin Press, $40.

Nasaw took six years to complete this sprawling, arresting account of a banker-cum-speculator-cum-moviemaker-cum-ambassador-cum-dynastic founder. Joe Kennedy was involved in virtually all the history of his time, and his biographer persuasively makes the case that he was the most fascinating member of his large, famous and very formidable family.

《开天辟地:老约瑟夫·P·肯尼迪时代的辉煌与动荡》(The Patriarch: The Remarkable Life and Turbulent Times of Joseph P. Kennedy)

作者:[美国] 戴维·纳索(David Nasaw)

出版社:企鹅出版社,2012年11月,定价40美元

简介:本书作者戴维·纳索是美国作家、传记学家与历史学家,主要研究美国20世纪初的文学与社会历史。本书是老约瑟夫·帕特里克·“乔”·肯尼迪(Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy Sr)的人物传记。乔·肯尼迪具有令人目不暇接的无数身份,银行家、投机商、电影制作人、政治家、美国驻英大使、美国证券交易委员会主席、美国民主党成员。乔·肯尼迪及其后代构成了极具声势威望的肯尼迪家族,这堪称美国20世纪的文化符号之一。纳索花费了六年时间完成这部作品,时间几乎涵盖了这位风云人物的一生,记述了肯尼迪家族中这位主宰浮沉的成员,极具说服力。


WHY DOES THE WORLD EXIST?
An Existential Detective Story.

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By Jim Holt.

Liveright Publishing/W. W. Norton & Company, $27.95.

For several centuries now, thinkers have wondered, “Why is there something rather than nothing?” In search of an answer, Holt takes the reader on a witty and erudite journey from London to Paris to Austin, Tex., as he listens to a varied cast of philosophers, scientists and even novelists offer solutions that are sometimes closely reasoned, sometimes almost mystical, often very strange, always entertaining and thought-provoking.

《世界为何存在:一个关于存在的侦探故事》(Why Does the World Exist?: An Existential Detective Story)

作者:[美国] 吉姆·霍尔特(Jim Holt)

出版社:利夫莱特出版社(Liveright),2012年7月,定价27.95美元

简介:世界为什么存在?从古至今,每个人有不同的回答。路德维希·维特根斯坦(Ludwig Wittgenstein)描述出一种敬畏,马丁·海德格尔(Martin Heidegger)甚至建立了关于“存在”的哲学。为了解答这一问题,本书作者吉姆·霍尔特游历伦敦、巴黎、得克萨斯奥斯汀,走访了各个领域的学者专家,从哲学家、神学家、神秘主义者到数学家、物理学家、宇宙学家乃至小说家,试图找到多个领域的共通性和敏锐度。读者尽可以在书中找到合乎情理的解释,也能够看到哲学家讨论的虚无或许正等同于科学上的某种定义。本书既提供雄辩的理论阐述,也有让人变得更加困惑的想法,机智有趣,发人深省。